Scientific References: Herbs and Plants

Listed Alphabetically for Your Convenience

Acai (Euterpe oleracea)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
PubMed.gov

Acerola Cherry (Malpighia emarginata)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Achuni-Sanango (Strychnos rondeletioides)

US National Library of Medicine Research

Agaricus (Agaricus blazei Murill)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Allspice (Pimenta dioica)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstract
US National Library of Medicine Research

Aloe Vera (Aloe barbadensis)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3872617/
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2050312119875921
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK92765/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4557234/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2763764/
Aloe Vera (Aloe barbadensis Miller) Research Abstracts
PubMed.gov

Amaranth (Amaranthus)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Amla/Indian gooseberry (Phyllanthus emblica)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
PubMed.gov

Ampalaya/Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Apple (Malus domestica)

US National Library of Medicine Research
PubMed.gov

Artichoke (Cynara scolymus)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Researchgate.net
Medicinenet.com Artichoke Benefits
Researchgate.net Artichoke Manages Obesity
Researchgate.net Artichoke Protects Liver
Sciencedirect.com Artichoke Manages Obesity

Arnica (Arnica montana)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Ashwaganda (Withania somnifera)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
PubMed.gov
US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Asparagus Root (Asparagus officinalis, Chinese: Tian Men Dong)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Astragalus (Astragalus membranaceus)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Bacopa monnieri

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Balloon Flower (Platycodon grandiflorus, Chinese: Jie Geng)

ScienceDirect.com Research
US National Library of Medicine Research

Bamboo Sap (Tabasheer)
Bamboo (Bambusoideae, Chinese: Zhuli)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Researchgate.net Research
BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies Research

Barberry (Berberis vulgaris)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Barley (Hordeum vulgare)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Researchgate.net: Barley Preventive and Therapeutic
Researchgate.net: Barley Prevents and Treats Chronic Diseases

Barrenwort/Horny Goat Weed/Epimedium

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Bearberry (Arctostaphylos Uva ursi)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Beet (Beta vulgaris)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Researchgate.net Research

Bellflower (Codonopsis pilosula, Chinese: Dang Shen)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Researchgate.net Research

Bindii (Tribulus terrestris)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstract
US National Library of Medicine Research

Biota seeds (Biota orientalis, Chinese: Bai Zi Ren)

Sciencedirect.com Research

Birch Bark

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Ssciencedirect.com Research

Black Cohosh (Actaea racemosa, Cimicifuga racemosa)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Black Cumin (Nigella sativa)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Black Currant (Ribes nigrum)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Black Pepper (Piper nigrum)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Researchgate.net Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Black Walnut Hulls and Leaf (Juglans nigra)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Bladderwort (Utricularia Gibba)

US National Library of Medicine Research
GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts

Bladderwrack (Fucus vesiculosus)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Blessed Thistle (Cnicus benedictus)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Researchgate.net Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Blueberry (Cyanococcus)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Blue Cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Blue Flag root (Iris versicolor)

US National Library of Medicine Research

Blue Vervain (Verbena officinalis)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) Leaves

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Bupleurum chinense, Chai Hu

Healthline.com Research
US National Library of Medicine Research
Researchgate.net Research

Burdock Root (Arctium lappa)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Cabbage, Purple (Brassica)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Cajeput (Melaleuca cajuputi)

Healthline.com Research
US National Library of Medicine Research

Camu Camu (myrciaria dubia)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Caralluma Fimbriata

Healthline.com Research
US National Library of Medicine Research

Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Carrot (Daucus carota)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research Research

Cat’s Claw (Uncaria tomentosa)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research Research

Catuaba (Erythroxylum vacciniifolium)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstract
US National Library of Medicine Research
ScienceDirect.com Research

Cauliflower (Brassica)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Cayenne (Capsicum annuum)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Cedar Berries (Juniperus communis)

US National Library of Medicine Research

Celery (Apium graveolens)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Researchgate.net Research

Chamomile (Matricaria recutita)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research
Researchgate.net Research
ScienceDirect Research

Chanca Piedra

GreenMedInfo Research Abstract
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Chaparral (Larrea Tridentata)

Sciencedirect.com Research
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Chaste Tree Berries (Vitex agnus castus)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12809367
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5308513/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23136064

Cherry (Prunus serotina/Prunus avium)
All Varieties: Wild Cherry/Sweet Cherry

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6273102/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29562604
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001706X16308749
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691517300327

Chia (Salvia hispanica)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4926888/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3518271/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/food-science/chia-seed
GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts

China Root (Poria cocos, Chinese: Fu Ling)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Chinese Foxglove (Rehmannia, Chinese: Shu Di huang)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23685937
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22083989
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2014/642128/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/pharmacology-toxicology-and-pharmaceutical-science/rehmannia-glutinosa
https://bpspubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/bph.12200
https://www.nhc.com/rehmannia
GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts

Chinese Goldthread (Coptis chinensis, Chinese: Huang Lian)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Chinese Licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis)

Licorice Root Benefits
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Chinese Skullcap (Scutellaria baicalensis, Chinese: huángqín)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Chinese Yam (Dioscorea, Chinese: Shan Yao)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Chuchuhuasi

WebMD Research
US National Library of Medicine Research

Cilantro (Coriandrum sativum)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum)
Cinnamon bark (Cinnamomum verum, Chinese: Rou Gui)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4003790/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3854496/
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299357322
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10641152
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22882757
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25629927
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22536283
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14633804
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2901047/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18234131
GreenMedInfo Research: Cinnamon Leaf
GreenMedInfo Research: Cinnamon

Cistanche

US National Library of Medicine Research

Citrus peel (Chinese: Chen Pi)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Clavo Huasca (Tynanthus panurensis)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21488753
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29936054

Clove (Syzygium aromaticum)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3819475/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/syzygium-aromaticum
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265343299
GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts

Cocoa Beans (Theobroma cacao)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4696435/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4145303/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/theobroma-cacao
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24915376
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28439881
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26125676
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20354055
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20713904
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23810791
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19056649
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24117885
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14757265
GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts

Coffee, Green (Coffea arabica)

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/235792929
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324270952
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1995764516304680
http://www.jocpr.com/articles/functional-benefits-of-green-coffee-in-metabolic-syndrome-prevention-a-review-study.pdf
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691514002518
https://www.nature.com/articles/hr200591
https://academic.oup.com/jn/article/138/12/2309/4670148
GreenMedInfo: Coffee, Green Beans (Coffea Arabica)
GreenMedInfo: Coffee Research Abstracts

Coffee Fruit, Red

Healthline.com Research

Coleus (Coleus forskohlii)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2129145/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S2186495016000055
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC319568/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3784136
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4663611/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6542866
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14988663
Coleus forskohlii and Cystic Fibrosis
Coleus forskohlii and Glaucoma
Coleus forskohlii Stops Spread of Cancer Cells (antimetastatic)

Coleus Root (Plectranthus scutellarioides)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Coleus+blumei
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30022261
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/plectranthus-scutellarioides

Concord Grape (Vitis labrusca) Seed

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6155751/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3916869/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0023643813000844
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0271531716300276

Condurango Vine (Marsdenia cundurango)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4573805/
https://europepmc.org/article/pmc/pmc4331998

Cordyceps (Cordyceps sinensis, Chinese: Dong Chong Xia Cao)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3121254/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3909570/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16354395
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10898616
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16423520
GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4295613/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169115000647
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/236879895
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814699001132
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4028854/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25148954/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19146935
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18831331
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20848667
GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts

Couch Grass (Elymus repens)

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/313702953
https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Elymus+repens

Cramp Bark root (Viburnum opulus)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6684545/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/viburnum-opulus

Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus)

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/284315582
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK92762/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3930840/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7025796/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7093716/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5429339/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6473364/
GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts

Cranesbill Root (Geranium maculatum)

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15507351/
https://www.earthtokathy.com/cranesbill-geranium-maculatum-research/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/pharmacology-toxicology-and-pharmaceutical-science/geranium

Cumin (Cuminum cyminum)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Damiana (Turnera diffusa)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3040867/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32209397
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30823394
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30813423
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28948849
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25299247
Damiana (Turnera diffusa) Significant Anti-inflammatory
Damiana (Turnera diffusa) Supresses Estrogen

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28012278
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30219442
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5553762/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31565850
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31443195
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31323756
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30991766
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Desert Hyacinth (Cistanche, Chinese: Rou Cong Rong)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Devils Claw (Harpagophytum procumbens)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17212570
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/biochemistry-genetics-and-molecular-biology/harpagophytum
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13102818.2010.10817879
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23982320
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22940241
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/315989025
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S2210803313000511Devils Claw (Harpagophytum Root) Research Abstracts

Devil’s Club (oplopanax horridus)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Dong Quai (Angelica sinensis)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3170324/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3174116/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/pharmacology-toxicology-and-pharmaceutical-science/angelica-sinensis
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1674638412600306
Dong Quai (Angelica sinensis) Research Abstracts

Echinacea Angustifolia

US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Echinacea Purpurea

US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Elderberry (Sambucus nigra)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4848651/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15080016
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0965229918310240

Elecampane (Inula helenium)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20095126
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31644941
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/elecampane
GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts

Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus)

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/eucalyptus-globulus
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320979770_81
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3609378/
https://www.earthtokathy.com/eucalyptus-eucalyptus-globulus-research/
GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts

Eucommia bark (Eucommia ulmoides, Chinese: du zhong)

ScienceDirect.com Research
US National Library of Medicine Research

Euphoria Fruit (Euphoria longan)

US National Library of Medicine Research

Fadogia Agrestis

US National Library of Medicine Research
WebMD.com Research

False Unicorn Root (Chamaelirium luteum)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21598325
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21213356
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22880631

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32229652
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4137549/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32174182
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32172864
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31987249
GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts

Fenugreek

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Fireweed (Chamaenerion) Extract

Flaxseed

Flaxseed Research Abstracts
Flaxseed and Cardiovascular Benefits
Flaxseed Lowers Blood Pressure
Flaxseed Controls Blood Sugar and Appetite
Flaxseed Reduces Type 1 Diabetes, Delays Type 2 Diabetes
WebMD.com Research
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Fo Ti (Polygonum multiflorum)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28109001
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30895364
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32248799
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31944695
Fo-ti / He-shou-wu (Polygonum) Research Abstracts

Fo-ti (Fallopia multiflora)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29222011
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31379960
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29966981

Fritillary (Fritillaria Meleagris, Chinese: chuan bei mu)

US National Library of Medicine Research

Fumitory (Papaveraceae)

ScienceDirect.com Research
US National Library of Medicine Research

Garcinia Cambogia

US National Library of Medicine Research
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health
Healthline.com Research

Garden Angelica (Angelica archangelica)

WebMD.com Research
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Garlic (Allium sativum)

WebMD.com Research
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research
GreenMedInfo Research Abstract
Treats High Fat Diet Degenerative Disorders
Kidney and Liver Protection
Dissolves Gallstones

Gentian root (Gentiana lutea)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5634738/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/pharmacology-toxicology-and-pharmaceutical-science/gentiana-lutea
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320799343

Ginger (Zingiber officinale, Chinese: Sheng Jiang)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK92775/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29193411
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30009484
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/zingiber-officinale
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629919314644
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0944711319302557
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0965229918307969
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214750018304311
https://www.greenmedinfo.com/substance/ginger

Ginkgo biloba

WebMD.com Research
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health

Ginseng (Panax ginseng, Eleutherococcus senticosus)
Ginseng, Female (Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Chinese: Dang Gui)
Ginseng, Siberia (Eleutherococcus senticosus, Chinese: wu jia shen)

Panax ginseng: GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
Panax quinquefolius, Panacis quinquefolis
US National Library of Medicine Research
US National Library of Medicine Research: Eleutherococcus senticosus
US National Library of Medicine Research: Radix Angelicae Sinensis
Healthline.com Research
WebMD.com Research

Goji (Lycium barbarum, Chinese: Gou Qi Zi)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Golden Bell (Forsythia, Chinese: Lian Qiao)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Goldenseal (Hydrastis Canadensis)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28603575
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32105754
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1382668913000835
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4527992/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5461979/
Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis) Research Abstracts

Goldenrod (Solidago)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Gotu kola (Centella asiatica)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3116297/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5587720/
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/274393672
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27701138
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25484009
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2015.05.058
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3834700/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2150405
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0924224417305587
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6857646/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3900269/
Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica) Research Abstracts

Grape

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Grapefruit

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Graviola (Annona muricata)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Gravel Root (Eupatorium purpureum)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3730360/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/pharmacology-toxicology-and-pharmaceutical-science/eupatorium

Greater Celandine (Chelidonium majus)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5912214/
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/47566752

Grindelia Herb (Grindelia squarrosa)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31644941
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24868887

Guarana (Paullinia cupana)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
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Healthline.com Research

Guava

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
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Healthline.com Research

Guggul (Commiphora wightii)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
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Healthline.com Research

Gurmar (Gymnema Sylvestre)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Haritaki (Terminalia chebula)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Hawthorn Berries (Crataegus laevigata)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3249900/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4586556/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/biochemistry-genetics-and-molecular-biology/crataegus-laevigata
Hawthorn (Crataegus) Berries Research Abstracts

Hemp

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
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Healthline.com Research

Honeysuckle (Lonicera, Chinese: Jin Yin Hua)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Hoodia

GreenMedInfo Research Abstract
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Healthline.com Research

Hops (Humulus lupulus)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Horehound Herb (Marrubium vulgare)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29143793
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30604687
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32229652
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31983544
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31691511

Horny Goat Weed (Epimedium, Chinese: Yin Yang Huo)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
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Sciencedirect.com Research

Horse Chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Huanarpo Macho (family Euphorbiaceae)

US National Library of Medicine Research

Hyaluronic Acid

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Hydrangea Root (Hydrangea arborescens)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstract
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/152822#1
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/biochemistry-genetics-and-molecular-biology/hydrangea

Hyssop

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Iceland Moss (Cetraria islandica)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32250223
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4158017/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/cetraria

Iporuru

WebMD.com Research

Iris (Iris germanica)

US National Library of Medicine Research

Irish Moss (Chondrus crispus)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4413210/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3837755/
US National Library of Medicine Research
WebMD.com Research

Japanese Knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum, Chinese: Hu Zhang)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research
Researchgate.net Research

Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstract

Jiaogulan (Gynostemma pentaphyllum, Chinese: jiao gu lan)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstract
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research
WebMD.com Research

Jujube (Ziziphus, Chinese: Suan Zao Ren)
Jujube Date (Ziziphus jujuba, Chinese: Da Zao)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Juniper Berries (Juniperus communis)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6726717/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/juniperus-communis
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324521614
https://www.earthtokathy.com/juniper-berry-juniperus-communis-research/
https://www.earthtokathy.com/juniper-berry-juniperus-communis-research/
Juniper Research Abstracts

Kale Leaves

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Kamut

US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Kava (Piper Methysticum)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research
ScienceDirect.com Research

King Solomon’s Seal/Solomon’s Seal/Solomon’s Herb Root (Polygonatum)

US National Library of Medicine Research

Kiwifruit

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Knotweed (Polygonum multiflorum, Fallopia multiflora, Chinese: He Shou Wu or Fo-Ti)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28109001
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30895364
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32248799
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31944695
Fo-ti / He-shou-wu (Polygonum) Research Abstracts
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29222011
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31379960
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29966981

Lemon

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27620926
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27167460
https://www.earthtokathy.com/melissa-lemon-balm-melissa-officinalis-research/

Icelandic Lichen (Cetraria islandica)

WebMD.com Research
US National Library of Medicine Research

Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra, Chinese: Gan Cao)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30117204
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27731836
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5937553/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/glycyrrhiza-glabra
Licorice Research Abstracts

Ligusticum (Ligusticum porteri/Ligusticum wallichii/Ligusticum striatum, Chinese: Chuan Xiong)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Lilyturf (Ophiopogon, Chinese: mai dong)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Lime (Citrus hystrix)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Lion’s Mane (Hericium erinaceus, Chinese: Hou Tou Gu)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Lobelia (Lobelia inflata)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5611621/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/pharmacology-toxicology-and-pharmaceutical-science/lobelia-inflata
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228690048
GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
Healthline.com Research

Longan (Dimocarpus longan, Chinese: Long Yan Rou)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Maca (Lepidium meyenii)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3856628/
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/41102719
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3897015/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311815/
GreenMedInfo Research Abstract
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Magnolia bud (Magnolia grandiflora, Chinese: xin yi hua)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Mango (Mangifera indica)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Marigold (Tagetes)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Matrimony vine (Lycium barbarum)

US National Library of Medicine Research

Milk Thistle/Silymarin (Silybum marianum)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstract
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=milk+thistle+liver
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29271213
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30015401
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25396404
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29661192
https://www.greenmedinfo.com/article/milk-thistle-silybum-marianum-compares-favorably-fluoxetine-treatment-obsessiv

Malva (hibiscus sabdariffa or malvaceae)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstract

Marshmallow Root (Althea Officinalis)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5524553/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/althaea-officinalis
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/285919150
https://www.earthtokathy.com/marshmallow-althaea-officinalis-research/
https://www.greenmedinfo.com/article/marshmallow-powerful-cough-suppressant-activity-greater-drugs
https://www.greenmedinfo.com/article/results-surveys-justify-long-established-use-both-marshmallow-preparations-sym

Milkvetch (Astragalus, Chinese: Huáng Qí)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research
Healthline.com Research

Milkworts (Polygala tenuifolia, Chinese: Yuan Zhi)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Mint (Mentha, Chinese: Bo He)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Mondo Grass (Ophiopogon japonicus, Chinese: Mai Dong)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Monk Fruit (Siraitia grosvenorii, Chinese: Luo Han Guo)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6767068/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4897125/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5702154/
https://www.greenmedinfo.com/substance/motherwort

Muira Puama (Ptychopetalum olacoides)

US National Library of Medicine Research

Mulberry, (Morus alba, Chinese: Sang Shen)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Mullein (Verbascum thapsus)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstract
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3350428/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6019597/
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/7542947
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16222647
https://www.greenmedinfo.com/article/mullein-has-wide-range-potential-therapeutic-applications
https://www.greenmedinfo.com/article/mullein-contains-antiviral-compounds

Mushrooms: Chanterelles (Cantharellus cibarius)

Healthline.com Research
WebMD.com Research

Mushroom, Chaga (Inonotus Obliquus, Chinese: Bai Hua Rong)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research
https://www.greenmedinfo.com/substance/chaga-mushroom-inonotus-obliquus
https://chagahealth.eu/en/chaga-mushroom-in-medical-research/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4946216/
ScienceDirect.com Research

Mushroom/Common/Champignon (Agaricus Bisporus, Chinese: Kou Mo, Sang Ye [leaves], Sang Bai Pi [bark])

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Mushrooms: King Boletus (Boletus edulis)

US National Library of Medicine Research

Mushrooms: Lobster  (Hypomyces lactifluorum)

Health Benefits

Mushroom, Maitake (Grifola frondosa, Chinese: Hui Ahu Hua)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Mushroom, Reishi (Ganoderma lingzhi/Ganoderma lucidum, Chinese: Ling Zhi)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27685898
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29141563
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27045603
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27929633
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32245940
GreenMedInfo Research Abstract
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Mushroom, Shiitake (Lentinula edodes)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Mushroom, Turkey Tail (Trametes versicolor, Coriolus versicolor, Chinese: Yun Zhi)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5592279/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/pharmacology-toxicology-and-pharmaceutical-science/trametes-versicolor
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/317773538

Nettle (Urtica dioica)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6100552/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6428841/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/pharmacology-toxicology-and-pharmaceutical-science/urtica-dioica
GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
Healthline.com Research

Noni (Morinda citrifolia, Chinese: ba ji tian)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Nopal Cactus/Prickly pear (Opuntia ficus-indica)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Oats (Avena sativa)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
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Healthline.com Research

Olive (Olea europaea)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Onion (Allium cepa)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Oolong Tea

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Orchid (Dendrobium, Chinese: Shi Hu)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Orange (Citrus X sinensis)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Oregano (Origanum vulgare)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Oregon Grape (Mahonia aquifolium)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Osha (Ligusticum porteri)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5424556/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27854198

Papaya (Carica papaya)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Para para (Pisonia brunoniana)

Researchgate.net Research

Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5024025/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3910196/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4891838/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/petroselinum-crispum
https://www.greenmedinfo.com/substance/parsley

Passion Flower (Passiflora incarnata)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Passion Fruit (Passiflora edulis)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Pau d’Arco (Tabebuia avellanedae)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3833306/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6270160/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5585948/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/tabebuia
GreenMedInfo Research Abstract
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Pepper, Bell (Capsicum annuum Group)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Peppermint (Mentha piperita)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research
https://www.earthtokathy.com/peppermint-research/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/biochemistry-genetics-and-molecular-biology/mentha-piperita
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16767798
https://www.greenmedinfo.com/substance/peppermint
https://www.greenmedinfo.com/article/peppermint-oil-improves-abdominal-symptoms-patients-irritable-bowel-syndrome-0

Persimmon (Diospyros kaki)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Pineapple (Ananas comosus)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Plantain (Plantago ovata, major)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29513942
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4537734/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/plantago
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32268991
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31920436
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31870431

Plum (Prunus domestica)

Happy DIY Home: 17 Delicious Types of Plums
Healthline.com Research

Poke Root (Phytolacca decandra)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Poplar Bud (Populus nigra)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstract
US National Library of Medicine Research
WebMD.com Research

King Solomon’s Seal/Solomon’s Seal/Solomon’s Herb Root (Polygonatum)

US National Library of Medicine Research

Pomegranate

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Prickly Ash Bark (Zanthoxylum clava-herculis)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
Healthline.com Research
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8836382
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6274162/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12672160

Psyllium (Plantago ovata)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Pumpkin Seed Oil (Cucurbita)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Pygeum Bark (Prunus africana)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research

Queen’s Root/Queen’s Delight/Yaw root/Stillingia (Stillingia sylvatica)

MedicinalHerbInfo.org Research
US National Library of Medicine Research

Raspberry/Ellagic Acid (Rubus idaeus, Chinese: Fu Pen Zi)

GreenMedInfo Research: Raspberry
GreenMedInfo Research: Ellagic Acid
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research
Ellagitannins Reduce Cancer Risks
Ellagic Acid and Vascular Health
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29966991
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28946771
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4295307/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6273995/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6099503/

Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28160855
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30199256
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32187456
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6271154/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6005001/
GreenMedInfo Research Abstract
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Rhodiola (Rhodiola rosea, Rhodiola crenulata, Chinese: Hong Jing Tian)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27013349
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208354/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26502953
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4501664/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32058218
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288277/
GreenMedInfo Research Abstract
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Rooibos

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Rose (Hips, Buds, Petals)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5485961/
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22762068/
https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/rose-hips
https://www.greenmedinfo.com/substance/rose-hips

Rosemary (Salvia rosmarinus)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Rue (Ruta graveolens)

US National Library of Medicine Research

Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5984022/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/carthamus-tinctorius
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27080938
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070856/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6170295/
https://www.greenmedinfo.com/substance/safflower
https://www.greenmedinfo.com/article/safflower-seeds-have-bone-protecting-effects-ovariectomized-rats
Healthline.com Research
GreenMedInfo Research Abstract
US National Library of Medicine Research

Saffron (Crocus sativus)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Sage (Salvia officinalis)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5634728/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4003706/
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/230584791
GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Sarsaparilla (Smilax ornata)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4351248/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/immunology-and-microbiology/sarsaparilla
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22285850
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28700975
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23152428
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25742000
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28116217
GreenMedInfo Research Abstract

Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Schisandra (Schisandra chinensis, Chinese: Wu Wei Zi)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Sea Buckthorn/Seaberry (Hippophae Rhamnoides)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Sesame Seeds

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus)

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Plant Profile
Healthline.com Research

Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29981688
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32204703
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32084495
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/pharmacology-toxicology-and-pharmaceutical-science/rumex-acetosella
US National Library of Medicine Research

Shilajit

GreenMedInfo Research Abstracts
US National Library of Medicine Research
Healthline.com Research

Siler (Saposhnikovia divaricata, Chinese: Fang Feng)

US National Library of Medicine Research
Sciencedirect.com Research

Silk-Tree flower (Albizia flos, Chinese: He Huan Hua)

US National Library of Medicine Research
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Skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23878109
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/scutellaria-lateriflora
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/215780328
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Slippery Elm (Ulmus rubra)

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Solomon’s Seal (Polygonatum sibericum, Chinese: Huang Jing)

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Sorrel (Rumex acetosa)

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Spearmint (Mentha spicata)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28107842
https://www.researchgate.net/topic/Mentha-spicata/publications
https://www.earthtokathy.com/spearmint-mentha-spicata-research/
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322794679
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/immunology-and-microbiology/mentha-spicata
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Strawberry (Fragaria ananassa)

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St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum)

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/hypericum-perforatum
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/hypericum-perforatum
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11518077
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK92750/
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Suma (Hebanthe eriantha)

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Sumac (Rhus Coriaria)

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Sumac Berry

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Researchgate.net Research

Tamarack

US National Library of Medicine Research

Thorowax (Bupleurum, Chinese: Chai Hu)

US National Library of Medicine Research
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Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4391421/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/thymus-vulgaris
https://biomedpharmajournal.org/vol12no4/the-potential-gastrointestinal-health-benefits-of-thymus-vulgaris-essential-oil-a-review/
https://www.earthtokathy.com/thyme-thymus-vulgaris-research/
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/258988413

Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia)

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Tribulus (Tribulus terrestris)

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Tuber Fleece flower (Reynoutria multiflora, Chinese: Ho shou wu)

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Turkish Rhubarb (Rheum palmatum)

US National Library of Medicine Research

Turmeric (Curcuma longa)

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International Journal: Mechanistic Review

Uchu Sanango (Tabernaemontana sananho)

wikipedia.com Research
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Valerian (valerian officinalis)

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Vanilla Bean

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Watercress (Nasturtium officinale)

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Water Lily/White Water Lilly/White Pond Lily (Nymphaea odorata)

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/247914144
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26622852
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123985392000021
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5985179/
US National Library of Medicine Research

White Atractylodes (Atractylodes macrocephala, Chinese: Bai Zhu)

US National Library of Medicine Research
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White Peony root (Paeonia lactiflora Pall, Chinese: Bai Shao)

US National Library of Medicine Research
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White Willow (Salix alba)

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Wild Yam (Dioscorea villosa)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11428178
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16181020
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/?term=Dioscorea+villosa
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3710746/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/yam
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11428178
Healthline.com Research

Yellow Dock (Rumex crispus)

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Yerba Santa (Eriodictyon californicum)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32210808
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30594901
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30514662
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30090535
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27248833
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0003986151902457
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2213231718311996

Yohimbine (Pausinystalia johimbe)

US National Library of Medicine Research
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Author: Life Enthusiast Staff