Amor Seco – Desmodium ascendens
When you read research on the Amor Seco plant, you see words like anti-anaphylactic, anti-asthmatic, anti-inflammatory, bronchodilator, and many references to asthma and bronchitis. In Central America, the same phytonutrients have been observed to be helpful in all sorts of aches and pains – head, neck, back, joints and muscles – rheumatism and arthritis.
The more we know about phytonutrition, malnutrition, toxic environment, toxic diet, arthritis and allergies, the better we understand how the same phytonutrients can help with the seemingly diverse issues of arthritis and asthma. They share similar root chemistry aggravated by phytonutrient malnutrition. Get the right phyto-catalysts and their environment disappears – along with all the varying ailments it accommodated.
In indigenous Amazonia, Amor Seco is also thought to help re-ignite fading or lost heart-love. It is regarded as magic, though research is scant on its effects on pheromones or perhaps other more subtle, yet to be discovered avenues of amour. However, there does seem to be a connection between this plant and the female reproductive system – and thus, very likely to pheromone signals of fertility and attraction – the real magic.
Quoted from Raintree Nutrition
In some cultures, Amor Seco is used against ringworm, and in others it is used as a digestive aid. It is a digestive balancer used to bring relief from constipation as well as from diarrhea. In modern Peruvian herbal medicine, Amor Seco is employed as a blood purifier, and is favored where environmental toxins are stuck in the system and interfering with health. In diverse cultures, Amor Seco is used for a variety of female urogenital and reproductive issues from infections and venereal diseases, to lending support for the ovaries.
This herb has been found beneficial to those suffering from nervousness. And one ethnobotanical survey of 8,000 scattered Amazonians noted it as a common remedy for malaria. Along the Ivory Coast of Africa, where it also grows, it is held as an aphrodisiac. This plant grows to about 2 feet tall with lavender flowers and tiny green bean pods. It is very effective in low amounts with no known toxicity or side effects.
|MAIN ACTIONS:||OTHER ACTIONS:|
|reduces pain||cleanses blood|
|reduces asthma||increases urination|
|reduces convulsions||moves bowels|
|blocks histamine||heals wounds|
Synonyms: Desmodium coeruleum, D. caespitosum, D. glaucescens, D. heterophyllum, D. oxalidifolium, D. triflorum, Hedysarum adscendens, H. caespitosum, Meibomia adscendens
Common Names: amor seco, amor-do-campo, strong back, pega pega, margarita, beggar-lice, burbur, manayupa, hard man, hard stick, mundubirana, barba de boi, mundurana, owono-bocon, dipinda dimukuyi, dusa karnira, tick-clover, tick-trefoil
Part Used: aerial parts, leaves
Amor seco is a weedy, perennial herb that grows to 50 cm tall and produces numerous light-purple flowers and green fruits in small, beanlike pods. It is indigenous to many tropical countries and grows in open forests, pastures, along roadsides, and like many weeds – just about anywhere the soil is disturbed. In Brazil, the plant is known as amor seco or amor-do-campo; Peruvians call the plant manayupa. The Desmodium genus is a large one, with about 400 species of perennial and annual herbs growing in temperate and tropical regions in the Western hemisphere, Australia, and South Africa. In the South American tropics, Desmodium axillare, a closely related plant, is used interchangeably in herbal medicine systems.
TRIBAL AND HERBAL MEDICINE USES
Today, tribes in the Amazon rainforest use amor seco medicinally much as they have for centuries. A tea of the plant is given for nervousness, and it is used in baths to treat vaginal infections. Some tribes believe the plant has magic powers, and it is taken by lovers to rekindle a waning romance. Rio Pastaza natives in the Amazon brew a leaf tea and wash the breasts of mothers with it to promote milk flow. Additional indigenous tribal uses include a leaf decoction for consumption, an application of pounded leaves and lime juice for wounds, and a leaf infusion for convulsions and venereal sores. A survey, in which more than 8,000 natives in various parts of Brazil were interviewed, showed that a decoction of the dried roots of amor seco is a popular tribal remedy for malaria. The indigenous Garifuna tribe in Nicaragua uses a leaf decoction of amor seco internally for diarrhea and venereal disease and to aid digestion.
Amor seco is also quite popular in herbal medicine throughout South and Central America. In Peruvian herbal medicine today, a leaf tea is used as a blood cleanser; to detoxify the body from environmental toxins and chemicals; as a urinary tract cleanser; and to treat ovarian and uterine problems such as inflammation and irritation, vaginal discharges, and hemorrhages. In Belize (where the plant is called “strong back”), the entire plant is soaked in rum for 24 hours, and then 1/4 cup is taken three times daily for seven to ten days for backaches. Alternatively, an entire plant is boiled in 3 cups of water for 10 minutes, and 1 cup of warm tea is taken before meals for three to five days for relief of backache, muscle pains, kidney ailments, and impotence. In Brazilian herbal medicine, the dried leaves are used for the treatment of asthma, vaginal discharge, body aches and pains, ovarian inflammation, excessive urination, excessive mucus, and diarrhea. In Ghana, a leaf decoction is a popular remedy for bronchial asthma, constipation, dysentery, and colic, and is also used to dress wounds.
Amor seco is known to be rich in flavonoids, alkaloids, and chemicals known as soyasaponins. A novel soyasaponin in amor seco is dehydrosoyasaponin. It is considered a highly active chemical with therapeutic actions for asthma. Amor seco also contains a chemical called astragalin, which is a well-known antibacterial chemical found in the popular medicinal plant astragalus. Amor seco’s traditional uses for infections, venereal diseases, and wounds are probably related to this particular chemical in the plant. Main chemicals found in amor seco include astragalin, beta-phenylethylamines, cosmosiin, cyanidin-3-o-sophoroside, dehydrosoyasaponins, hordenine, pelargonidin-3-o-rhamnoside, salsoline, soyasaponins, tectorigenin, tetrahydroisoquinolines, and tyramine.
BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES AND CLINICAL RESEARCH
Herbalists in Ghana have long used amor seco leaves to treat bronchial asthma. The treatment was so successful that it attracted attention from the scientific community. In 1977, a clinical observational study on humans showed that 1 to 2 teaspoons of dried amor seco leaf powder daily (in three dosages) produced improvement and remission in most asthma patients treated. In an effort to understand the anti-asthmatic properties of this effective natural remedy, scientists conducted various animal studies to determine how it worked. In ten different studies, researchers found that amor seco interfered with the production of many of the chemicals normally produced during an asthma attack: chemicals called spasmogens that cause contractions in the lung; histamine that triggers the allergic response; and chemicals called leukotrienes that are known to stimulate bronchoconstriction and increase mucus production in the airway – all key features of asthma. Many substances and allergens can cause a life-threatening allergic reaction called anaphylactic shock, or anaphylaxis. Several of these animal studies reported that amor seco had an anti-anaphylactic action against many known substances that trigger such allergic reactions.
Bronchoconstriction (the tendency of airways to constrict or become too narrow, thereby making it hard to breath) in response to various stimuli and allergens is a universal feature of asthma and anaphylactic reactions. Some researchers noted that amor seco has a muscle-relaxing effect in lung tissues (bronchodilator) and inhibited contractions and constriction induced by a variety of substances. Amor seco has also been shown to activate the chemical process known as potassium maxi-K channels. Maxi-K channels play an important role in regulating the tone of airway smooth muscle and the release of constrictive substances in the lungs. One of amor seco’s chemicals, dehydrosoyasaponin I, was cited as being “the most potent known potassium (maxi-K) channel opener.” This effect is also thought to contribute to amor seco’s therapeutic activity in asthma. Amor seco’s documented anti-allergic activity acts to inhibit not only contraction of smooth muscle in the airways of the upper respiratory tract but also muscle contraction at multiple other sites throughout the body. These documented antispasmodic and muscle relaxant actions help explain why amor seco has been traditionally used for backaches and muscle spasms. Amor seco has also recently been documented in animal studies to have pain-relieving actions as well as anticonvulsant actions.
CURRENT PRACTICAL USES
Natural health practitioners and herbalists in South America today use this herbal remedy mainly for asthma and allergies and for muscle spasms and back pain. With some newer published research linking arthritis and rheumatism to various allergic reactions (and some of the same allergy-induced chemical processes found in asthma), the indigenous use of amor seco for back pain and arthritis may become the subject of future research. Amor seco is easy to administer and is highly effective at low dosages. In addition, its lack of side effects or toxicity places it in the first line of defense in the herbalist’s medicine chest of natural remedies.
The above text has been quoted from the book, Herbal Secrets of the Rainforest