New Discoveries Upon New Discoveries
- What is known and/or suspected
- Discoveries by Dr. Vickery
- The treatment and outstanding success of the treatment.
"When the student is ready the master appears" (Chinese Proverb). Fibromyalgia symptoms are diversified. Some doctors now include what is called "The Fibro Five" which are Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Depression, Irritable Bowel, Interstitial Cystitis, Migraine Headaches and some include sleep disorders. In most severe cases the victims are not able to maintain employment.
New Discoveries Upon New Discoveries
Den 1: The lair of a wild usually predatory animal, 2: a. a hollow or cavern used especially as a HIDEOUT, b. a center of SECRET activity (Merriam Webster)
At the end of my 45 years of practice as a Holistic Chiropractic Physician there appeared from time to time, and with increasing frequency, a diagnosis of fibromyalgia usually made by a Rheumatologist or a Psychiatrist Except for the fact that these were usually "bad cases" I filed them under the heading of advanced myofascial fibrositis and smiled to myself that the doctors who were unaware of the trigger points that had been part of our stock-in-trade for all of those practice years, were getting serious about these abnormalities.
In retirement when it was learned what my vocation had been many people sought my opinions. My stipulations were; That no doctor available was helping them and then I would "take a look". It was in this vein that we had a person from a fibromyalgia support group. This is where it began. We had of course unlimited time to examine these people and began to make breath taking discoveries, many which were based on previous discoveries which I have been reporting for the last 20 years.
This article is basically in three main sections:
- What is known and/or suspected about the condition
- The discoveries that I have made about the condition
- The treatment and outstanding success of the treatment
I am aware that many traditional doctors will be upset or nonplused by what we present here, for this condition more than any other illustrates the fact that Chiropractic (in particular) has repeatedly ignored the advances made by others and not a few by myself. The best of today's graduates of the best of schools are, in my opinion, not qualified to either diagnose or treat this condition. This is because the basics of the diagnosis are not taught in any college that is known to me. The diagnosis is comparable to the sequence of events that cause the condition and is the equivalent of another college degree in the extent of knowledge and skills required. In answer to your unspoken question: I write and divulge these things so that people can be better and maintain healthy and productive lives knowing - that only 2% of doctors will understand and - the 2% are ready! "When the student is ready the master appears" (Chinese Proverb).
Fibromyalgia - State of the Art
Fibromyalgia is considered by some as a syndrome or collection of symptoms and by others as a disease entity. The doctors of the world are getting serious about the condition and now have meetings such as the "Copenhagen Fibromyalgia Symposium". The outstanding symptoms are pain (in muscles and joints) and stiffness. It is generally accepted that this must be whole body pain with representatives on both sides and above and below the waist. The list of symptoms is impressive and diversified. Some doctors now include what is called "The Fibro Five" which are; Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Depression, Irritable Bowel, Interstitial Cystitis, Migraine Headache. Some include sleep disorders. In most severe cases the victims are not able to maintain employment.
The Symptoms are varied and widespread:
- Musculoskeletal pain and aching
- Disturbed sleep patterns
- Soft tissue swelling
- Irritable bowel
- TMJ and bruxism
- Chest Pains
- Back Pain
- Interstitial Cystitis
- Migraine Headaches
It usually is differentiated from arthritis both rheumatoid and osteo, polymyalgia rheumatica, myopathy, hypothyroidism, disk herniation, and cardiac or pleural pain. Despite the symptoms, physical, laboratory, and radiological studies are often normal. This connective tissue disorder is not associated with deformity of the joints. Thus the diagnosis has been clinical.
The Tender Points or Trigger Point Diagnosis (Bilateral)
- Knee, at the medial fat pads proximal to the articulation
- Greater Trochanter, posterior to the trochanteric eminince
- Gluteal, upper outer quadrants of the buttocks
- Lateral Epicondyle, 2 cm. Distal to the epicondyles
- Second Rib, second costochondral junction on upper surfaces
- Supraspinatous origins near the medial border above the scapular spine
- Trapezius, midpoint of the upper border
- Lower Cervical, anterior intertransverse spaces of C-5 to C7
- Occipital, suboccipital insertion
The Tender Points of Fibromyalgia
11, some say 12 of these 18 points must be positive to approximately 2 to 3 lb. Pressure, The point must be reported as painful vs. pressure
Concept of Central Sensitization
While many theories have been advanced such as hormonal, neurotransmitters etc., astute observers have accurately described the concept of "central sensitization". Describing the decreased threshold of pain in these subjects (hyperalgesia) some believe that decreased blood to the muscles activates chemicals or initiates their release, accounting for the irritability. One theory is that it is a disease of the central nervous system not as a pathological change, but a "central activation" vs. a type of myopathy. Remember this very astute observation for we will explain why it is CORRECT even though the proponents do not understand the MECHANISMS.
Current Treatments for Fibromyalgia
Current medical treatments are palliative and concentrate on the usual pain relievers such as aspirin, acetaminophen or other NSAIDS. If the pain is not relieved at this level stronger prescriptions are used. Alternative medicine has many interesting remedies and theories but none that hit any home runs. Chiropractic in general disgraces itself in the treatment of this condition because the practitioner invariably being a strictly mechanical chiropractor increases the frequency of treatments to daily, as the DESPERATION sets in and the patient slips away because he "Does Not Hold" and is getting MORE AND MORE INFLAMED! I know this for a fact because I have web pages for this condition and consult with victims around world. These events are usual in their history.
Fibromyalgia - New Discoveries With New Tools
The First Demon
At the end of the seventies (and we have written about this ever since) I found that nine out of ten subjects examined were found not able to digest/transport, utilize or incorporate the daily dietary protein which was usually adequate (except for some vegetarians) in intake. The discoveries of Rheinholdt Voll, M.D.1 enabled me to put two and two together and establish that the pancreatic points that he identified as; protein digestion function, carbohydrate digestion function, and fat digestion function on the Pancreas Meridian were almost always caused by lack of suitable amino acids. We developed the Vickery-Voll2 test which was the beginning of an entirely new view of the body and explained why I was NEVER able to keep our patients "straight ".
The way it is believed to work is simple. The amino acids in the correct proportions and in adequate amounts reverse this deficiency by supplying the pancreas and intestinal glands with the ingredients necessary to synthesize adequate digestive enzymes to digest the dietary intake. Having the necessary enzymes the daily food intake is more completely utilized and the transport or carrier proteins are manufactured in suitable amounts and the entire "Enzyme Cascade" of the body is reestablished. This begins within twelve hours! Every case of fibromyalgia is found to have this deficiency but, so do many other problems.
PROTEIN/ENZYME DEFICIENCY IS THE FIRST DEMON
The Second Demon
The body gets most of it's dietary sulfur from proteins in the form of the sulfur bearing amino acids and some sulfur bearing plants such as garlic and onions, cabbage, and peppers etc. I knew about this problem in the early eighties but also knew that in the amino acid formula that I developed, there were one molecule in methionine and two in cystine. Furthermore we were unlocking the dietary proteins taurine etc. which were also sulfur containing. In retirement I found a test for sulfur that showed a high percentage of persons that took our amino acids formulas religiously were still sulfur deficient (myself included). I also found that infections, the arthrites and poisonings; heavy metals, PAH"s (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) etc. responded much, much better when we added methylsulfanylmethane to our amino acid formula. Every person that had fibromyalgia was sulfur deficient.
SULFUR DEFICIENCY IS THE SECOND DEMON
The Third Demon
By 1986 I had developed two tests that screened the spine for spinal disk lesions; (The BEV Tests3) and the (The CCT or Confirmatory Challenge Tests 4)which also identified exactly disks which were involved and the exact corrections necessary to relieve them. I have written about them since that time and will not spend time here describing them. I will however explain that every case of fibromyalgia has DISKAL DEGENERATION THROUGHOUT THEIR ENTIRE SPINE. For those of you who are not familiar with my grading of diskal lesions we include the drawings which we presented way back in the early eighties. You will note that we are talking mostly about the intradiskal lesion or Grade 1. This has no visible changes apparent in the CAT scan, the MRI, and the myelogram studies done with contrast media but is NEUROLOGICALLY ACTIVE.
IT IS THIS LESION THAT MOST CHIROPRACTORS ARE UNKNOWINGLY TRYING TO CORRECT. This puts these practitioners in the same condition as a carpenter without glue and other fasteners. This was known to me in 1982 when I pioneered the use of the CAT scan in the study of diskal lesions in the New York area hospitals and private radiological facilities. Their presence is easily demonstrated through the BEV Tests. This was pretty much a theory standing alone at that time but has now since been proven by a new procedure, IDET5 (intradiskal electrothermal annuloplasty) which I refer to as "Boil-a-Disk". It is reported to work as well as "fusion" and claims 80% of patients have "reduced pain and greater mobility".
The procedure involves a six inch needle and a heating element which is inserted into the particular DISK and heated to 194 degrees for fifteen minutes. The heat not only kills the nerves but tightens (cauterizes) the surrounding ligaments. I have been trying to inform the profession about this for twenty years but only received defocused stares! Maybe when I tell you that the procedure costs $7,000, saving the patient $43,000 (a spinal operation can cost up to $50,000) your attention spans will increase. Also this is not practical to do to the victims of fibromyalgia throughout the entire spine! You can see now that the accuracy of "central sensitization" is a valid observation even though the good doctors are limited by their state-of-the-art diagnostic ability. Those few who practice as I do are way beyond that barrier.
SPINAL DISK DEGENERATION IS THE THIRD DEMON
The Grading of Diskal Lesions
The Diskal Connections of the Spinal Nerve
The Fourth Demon
I had been using the test kit Silver Amalgam which is made from homeopathic nosodes in a graduated series since my studies with Voll in the early eighties. Usually it was part of the testing we did on the worst of the allergy patients, the universal reactors. When I began to test the fibromyalgia patients I was amazed to find that EVERYONE OF THEM WAS POSITIVE. Most of the really bad cases showed in the lower dilutions (D5, D6, D10 etc.) which is the most severe. Furthermore as you will see in our case histories, the offending teeth were removed some 30 years before.
The reason for them not ridding themselves of this toxic heavy metal is the preceding protein/sulfur deficiencies preventing the glutathione and 400 series enzymes from being produced and the sulfation detoxification mechanisms (Phase II liver detoxification) being therefore totally inadequate. I suspect that other of the heavy metals are involved and will be testing for them in the future. Right now the all time winner is mercury which if not removed by the liver is deposited in the NERVE and FATTY TISSUES. The reason for irritated nerves continues to grow. Not all cases were from the amalgam fillings, but most. The dental profession just did a study on the relationship between mercury blood levels in the brain and the number of silver amalgam fillings in the mouth.
They found that there was no relationship. What our dental brethren failed to take into account was the detoxifying ability of the patient (protein, sulfur etc.) and the specific fillings, which were "leaching" mercury. Actually short of punching holes all over the patient, the mercury will not show in blood levels, in hair analysis, or in urine and stool. It has to be mobilized for all laboratory tests. That is why the Energetic testing which I have named Vickery Quantum Testing- and EAV, (Electropuncture according to Voll) are the only 21st century diagnostic tools that can determine these problems, and with extreme accuracy.
THE FOURTH DEMON IS MERCURY/OTHER METAL POISONING
The Fifth Demon
Usually called the Epstein-Barr, this virus is associated with chronic fatigue. While the scientific community argues about the confusing results of their laboratory tests I am able to find it with great clarity and accuracy as to its exact degree in the body using our Quantum Testing. We have confirmed it many times with laboratory tests but have left them far, far behind in accuracy. This virus has recently been associated with breast cancer6 . In rare cases it is not the EBV but is Coxackie, Cytomegalovirus, or other. Sometimes these subjects have TWO VIRUSES and some bacteria. Since most viruses seem to locate irritated and inflamed areas, the fibromyalgia victim is fertile soil. Because of her depressed immune functions, her degenerating joint system, her deteriorating spine, her lack of neurotransmitters, and her poisoned tissues, all of which are the result of the protein/sulfur inadequacy, these viruses, without PROPER treatment, have found a lifetime home. This is one of the conditions that is reported as medically incurable (EBV) but has been conquered by natural means for many years.
THE VIRUS IS THE FIFTH DEMON
The Success of Treatment With Some Case Histories
To fully understand the treatments given it is best to restate the findings in these cases, many which are complications or associated conditions found progressively in other conditions (including the demons).
- Protein (amino acids) deficiency resulting in enzyme deficiencies.
- Multiple spinal disk degeneration.
- Toxic bowel - ileocecal valve malfunction. A. Dysbiosis
- Chronic viral infection - particularly Epstein Barr = chronic fatigue
- Tissues (including bones!) calcium/phosphorus low from lack of protein transport.
- Lack of proper neurotransmitters and hormones insulin, thyroid, serotonin, glutathione, DHEA, and sex hormones from improper amino acid metabolism.
- Lymph slowdown.
- Sinus infections, viral, bacterial, yeast, fungal.
- Other infections bacterial - (Lymes disease)
- Lack of Phase I and particularly Phase II detoxification mechanisms in the liver that allow heavy metals (mercury is only one) to remain in the body. This is where the lack of sulfur results in toxin removal failure and inadequate production of glutathione.
- Mercury (or other heavy metal) poisoning.
- Sulfur deficiency.
- Altered body mechanics (crooked posture)
- Vitamin and mineral deficiencies.
- Essential Fatty Acids deficiency.
- Antioxidant deficiency.
- Subluxation This is present in every person with Cat I Distortions and every diskal lesion.
In treating any body problem of whatever magnitude, the goal is to supply the deficiencies. In the case of acute infections additional supplementation may be added to counteract the invader. Therefore in this condition extra vitamin C (ascorbic acid crystalline) minimum 3000 mg per day, along with an enzyme C-complex, Enzyme Formulations (containing all known factors) one with each 1000 mg of vitamin C is always added. The protein and sulfur problem is addressed with our US (and World patent pending) Platinum Plus. Nothing that we have seen exceeds the spinal disk rebuilding and detoxifying ability of this nutrient. It is in my opinion and all of the doctors who have the ability to monitor the removal of mercury from their patients, the treatment of choice is Platinum Plus at six per day. The spinal disks begin volumizing in 12 hours.
The dysbiosis, lack of HCL, are normalized and the digestive enzymes are replenished, rearming the "Enzyme Cascade" from the pancreas to the individual cells. Nothing else, other than this patented product, will accomplish these multiple healing functions. The Vitamin-Mineral used is BioMultiPlus from professional grade Laboratories, which has no fillers and has proved to be a reliable source of Iodine, B-complex, Chromium, Selenium, and Vitamin A. I am sure that there are probably sources equal to this but when you spend your time doing millions of tests on these vitamins and they never let you down - you don't change. The essential fatty acids which correct excessive inflammation with prostaglandins, produce hormones, help calcium into the cells, are either from Pure Encapsulations or Omega Plus - both work.
Summary of the most important consistent findings:
- Protein digestion/ utilization/ enzyme deficiencies. Because of this five or more minerals do not get into the tissues.
- Sulfur deficiency.
- Multiple Spinal Disk degeneration (throughout the spine).
- These noxious stimuli irritate the spinal nerves (from the nerves inside the disks) causing tremendous discomfort before they ever reach the herniated disk stage.
- Mercury poisoning (stored in nerve plexuses and fatty tissues) not in the bowel!
- Chronic viral infection (usually, but not always, the Epstein Barr Virus, EBV). In the deadlier forms also the Herpes Family, which attacks the nervous system.
- A more specific diagnosis can now be made from these grouped findings without probing the 11 trigger points which will be positive! It is now possible for anyone to perceive why Dr. Vickery calls this a man-made syndrome:
Man preserved, cooked, weakened or destroyed, the natural enzymes and proteins in our food make individual amino acids unavailable in proper sequence and amounts. Filling carious teeth with a poisonous mercury compound that is convenient for the dentist that is able to destroy the recipient. The weakened individual then becomes degenerated, toxic, infested and infected.
This condition more than any other spotlights the stubborn lack of progress especially, in the Chiropractic profession, since the other professions have not had presented to them the brilliant discoveries of some of our great researchers. When full knowledge of the sequence of events is known the reversal of these compounded conditions is routine although with great variations. The fact that even the most recent graduate has not the faintest idea of what is going on under his hands is not his/her fault. This profession despite the academic "window trimming" is mired in the 19th century where it started. As even lay persons can readily determine the state-of the-art is inadequate and it is shameful that the college presidents that are contacted say "put it in a journal ".
Chiropractic and Osteopathy have had special treatments that were intimately connected with the body. They also had the heaviest burdens because to contribute to the patient's lasting health and maintain it they had to explain more than any other profession why these events (distortions, subluxations, and the physiology and pathology) were occurring. The cry is always for more research. The research is already accomplished. Medicine did not always bother with finding the true cause but is very adept at remedies that cover up symptoms. In the treatment of fibromyalgia it is largely NSAIDS. The medical profession does as much or even more harm than the chiropractor because they are contributing to the already present cartilage degeneration and presenting more poisons for an already overwhelmed liver.
I for one have chosen the route of bringing this knowledge to those that are ready (in all of the professions) and directly to the suffering people. This route is growing steadily and is a source of great satisfaction. My entire life has more than adequately prepared me for it. While I would readily accept help in submitting these facts and findings to scientific channels, as yet no research director seems interested but perhaps when the doctors that we have taught have seasoned a champion will appear. There is a great gulf between doctors like myself and the orthodox practitioner with whom I cannot really converse. I illustrate it thusly: The gulf is thirty feet wide and the chiropractor is a ten foot jumper. Who among you is ready to become a forty foot jumper?
Fibromyalgia Update: A New and Terrible Demon
The new and terrible demon that we introduced into the causes of fibromyalgia in part one was HCV (Hepatitis C). We warned the practitioners of the healing arts that if they were protein/sulfur deficient they were in the greatest danger of contracting it because not having a proper immune response they could not repel from their tissues this virus ,and actually most viruses. The second reason is just numerical; doctors and health workers coming into contact with sick persons every day act as funnels. Unfortunately they will not know it. They still believe that serum tests are the only way to do this diagnosis. It is a pity because about 90% of all of the chiropractors that we tested in seminars were protein/sulfur deficient and had DISKAL LESIONS.
I am coming into increasing contact with doctors who have the means such as kinesiology and it's forms, electroacupuncture with newer and more sophisticated machines and concepts. These same doctors can also diagnose the HCV. Meanwhile in contrast to these 21st Century successful types the Chiropractic Schools for the most part still turn out "Dodo Birds" - The Dodo bird is of course extinct. ("any of several clumsy, flightless, extinct birds" ... Random House.) I chose to concentrate on one case history in the first article that was in process at the time of the article. It will demonstrate a great number of new facts that have never been brought together in the healing arts This is rather unique because while I present the case history synopsis the patient tells her story in her own words as a testimonial.
Fibromyalgia and Lupus
A Recent Case History and Testimonial
First Exam 1/10/01
A pale F reported a history of over ten years being incapacitated- who had formerly done everything. Unable to work. Diagnosis of FM and lupus. Constant nausea, pain from the waist up, ultrasound of organs -MRI of spine - normal. Examination revealed the following: Positive BEV TESTS throughout the spine (DDD degenerative disk disease) Strep infection D5 upper spine, Hepatitis C D6 liver, gall bladder, brain and spine, Severe Candida infection D3, Herpes Simplex D8 everywhere, Staph D5 Head, teeth, liver, bowels, Measles virus D30 Brain only, Silver Amalgam D6 Liver, brain, and spine, Aluminum all over, Arsenic D6 all over. This patient is the perfect example of why I wrote the article "Fibromyalgia, A Den of Demons" . She was placed on my "Vickery Protocol" and put on a candida (strict) diet. An array of three deadly viruses, two bacteria, systemic yeast (6 infections) and 3 toxic metals confronted us (undiagnosed by a long string of doctors ). On our side the simple, professional grade nutritional supplements (Vickery Protocol) spearheaded by our Platinum Plus Essential Amino Acids, Pat. # 6,203,820. David against Goliath? We entered the battle.
Some improvement from the start and considerable progress in the levels of noxious elements. Hepatitis C D100 (the higher the better) Measles D15, Herpes simplex D30, Candid D15, Staph and Strep D15, Arsenic D30, Aluminum D30, Mercury (Silver amalgam) D100, BEV tests (spinal disks) healed. Patient reported much less pain and much increased energy with less bad days. We were now confident of winning the battle. Patient was placed on VP #2 2nd phase with less nutritional support.
Hepatitis C D200, Measles gone, Herpes Simplex D30 (found in the teeth), Staph D30, Strep D100, Candida D400, Arsenic D30 (same) Mercury D400, Aluminum none. Corrected lymphatic drainage manually, continue nutrition and add some fruits, beans, and non-yeasted bread (spelt) to diet.
Hepatitis C D400, Herpes Simplex D60, Strep none, Staph D15 (localized in teeth and gums - consider calling in a holistic dentist, now fighting a local battle with possible abscesses) Candida D1000, Mercury none, Arsenic none.
Staph none didn't need the dentist) Viruses none, corrected lymphatic system again.
No infections. Patient had driven cross-country (for as long 16 hours at a time) by herself and needed a lymphatic correction. Her muscles dormant for 13 years were not yet toned for such an endurance trial. This patient is declared cured.
Patient compliance is the key and not the imposing list of "demons" inhabiting the patient. This lady was a model for all to follow and she has courage. She deserves to live out her life in health and now knows how to do that. We know that claiming that we can cure fibromyalgia would draw flack especially from the traditional medical profession. To be equal and balanced, the average Chiropractor might have given her 96 visits to no avail. We gave her four. This case is a good example of what is accomplished every day. The new paradigm is what we do- the old is what is. Here is Penny's story in her own words:
Dear Dr. Vickery,
I am writing this letter to thank you for helping me get my life back. I have suffered from fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue for over ten years. I had given up hope of ever having a normal life or ever being healthy again. I knew I would never be a "whole individual" again.
Last year during an unusually painful episode where I had already been totally disabled for over a month, I was fortunate enough to meet you.
You tested me and told me I was full of all kinds of infections and diseases and then told me not to worry. You put me on your MEVY diet, gave me Platinum Plus and your FM starter package and told me that I would feel better in a few days.
I must admit my husband and I were very skeptical but the price of these items was nothing compared to the mountains of money we had already spent to try to stop my pain and give me some kind of life.
Two days later I woke up and said, Hmmm, I think I will put some clothes on. (My pain was so severe before that I could not wear clothes) Then I went for a ride in the car. Then I decided to tidy up my house, and four days later I cleaned my home from top to bottom. I have been going "like Gangbusters" ever since.
I have been on Platinum Plus and the nutrition for about six months now. This summer has been wonderful. My husband and I are doing primitive camping in the mountains. I have been white water rafting twice. I drove across the country by myself to see my family. The freedom I have experienced this summer has been a prayer answered. I am keeping myself busy this winter by caring for my four-year-old grandson.
I know it is difficult to believe in anyone or anything when we suffer from this horrendous connective tissue disorder (lupus). Many times in my life I wanted to call it quits. Thank God I didn't.
I hope this letter will help encourage anyone who suffers from this disease (fibromyalgia) to try Dr. Vickery's treatment. If your are like me It will give you your life back.
Patricia L. Drab
- Topographic Positions of Measuring Points in Electroacupuncture, Voll R., Textual Volume 1, 1st English, 3rd German Ed. H Schuldt Ed., Mediziniche Literarische Verlagsgesellschaft MBH, Uelzen, Germany, 1977.
- The Vickery-Voll Tests, Free Form Acids, The Key Dietary Supplement, Published Privately, 1986
- The BEV Tests, Vickery B.E., The Collected Papers of the International College of Applied Kinesiology, summer Ed, 1990-91
- The Confirmatory Challenge Test, Vickery B.E., Today's Chiropractic, Vol. 18, No.5 Sept/Oct 1989
- Beating the Back Ache, Medicine, A New Procedure That Could Revolutionize Disc Surgery, Cowley G., Newsweek, March 15, 1999
- Cancer Cantagion, Medicine, Why Do Epstein-Barr And Other Viruses Show Up In Breast Tumors?, Cowley G., Newsweek, August 30, 1999
Brice E. Vickery, DC graduated from Lincoln Chiropractic College in 1951 and took post graduate work at Lincoln College and Spears Chiropractic Hospital. He has appeared on radio and television and has authored The Pocket T.S. line Manual as well as numerous magazine articles. He also served two terms on the Board of Directors for the Connecticut Chiropractic Association. He is a certified Applied Kinesiologist and has accreditation in Electroacupuncture according to Voll (EAV). He is listed in the 1999-2000 Who's who in Medicine and Healthcare. After 50 years of practice most of which was in the CT Holistic Chiropractic Offices, he is now president of SuperNutrient Corporation, is a nutritional consultant, and teaches his methods in seminars. He can be reached by phone: 803-644-0607.