Salix spp., Salicaceae
Willow bark has been used to treat many types of inflammatory conditions, including headache, lower back pain, joint pain (arthritis). One study investigated a salicin topical cream for migraines and tension-type headaches, with reasonable results.
Names: White Willow, European Willow
Part Used: Bark
Constituents: Phenolic glycosides; salicin, picein and triandrin, with esters of salicylic acid and salicyl alcohol, acetylated salicin, salicortin and salireposide, plus miscellaneous tannins, catechin, p-coumaric acid and flavonoids.
Actions: Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, tonic.
Indications: Willow is an ancient remedy which has been used in various forms for rheumatism and gout, fevers and aches and pains of all kinds. It is usually considered to be the natural form and origin of the modern aspirin.