Colloidal vs Ionic Silver

Q: What is the difference between ionic silver and an atom of silver with an exterior charge?

A: Silver ion (AG+) is not the same as particle, as used in common descriptions.

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silver ion (Ag+) – An ion of silver is formed when a single electron is removed from a silver atom causing the ion to have a positive charge. An ion that has a positive charge is attracted to the cathode and is referred to as a cathode ion or cation. Silver ions are water-soluble and exist only in the presence of water or other solvent. Silver ions diffuse through a solution due to the mutual repulsion they have for each other caused by their ionic charge. Silver ions exist as individual entities in solution and do not cluster together to form particles like atoms. A silver ion is a different form of matter than an atom of silver and has entirely different physical properties. While an ion possesses ionic charge owing to the missing electron, it is not considered an atom of silver with a charge. Ionic charge is caused by the missing electron and is different from particle charge that is caused by adsorption of ions on the surface of the particle. If the water containing silver ions is evaporated, the ions are forced to combine with anions present in the solution and will thus become a silver compound when the water is removed. The silver compound(s) produced is determined by the anions present in the solution before the water is removed. Silver ions do contribute to the electrical conductivity of solutions that contain them. Adding silver ions to the solution does increase the conductivity. Silver ions are soluble in water and do combine readily to form compounds.

silver particles– Particles are clusters of silver atoms. The size of the particles found in a colloid can range in size from 1 nanometer (nm) to 1000 nm. The size of the particles typically found in silver colloids is under 100 nm. The atoms in a silver particle remain held together by van der Waalse force of attraction that causes like (identical) atoms to be attracted to each other. A particle 1 nm in diameter consists of 31 silver atoms, a particle 10 nm in diameter consists of about 31,000 atoms and a particle 20 nm in diameter consists of about 250,000 atoms. Silver particles do not contribute to the electrical conductivity of solutions that contain them. Adding silver particles to the solution does not increase the conductivity.

Q: Is your method DC or AC? I hear that DC produces high quality at first, but at lower stability that degrades in storage.

A: Our power source is a neon transformer AC of approx 10,000 volts. We build the cell from electrolytic resistant plastic and cut the pieces to build a box with a petition and weld the parts together with a plastic welder. In the petition is a teflon filter impregnated with metallic vapors similar to thin filming. A silver wire is placed on each side of the cell very near the teflon filter (anode-cathode). The impregnated teflon filter traps the ions.

A DC power supply such as a battery charger (adjustable variable DC power supply preferred) can also be used in conjunction with titanium electrodes to produce negative hydrogen ions. This cell can be used in combination with various minerals such as calcium hydroxide and magnesium carbonate, salt etc. to produce an almost endless array of products for experimentation. Titanium electrodes do not have to be platinum coated as most manufacturers suggest. The platinum soon wears away leaving the titanium exposed in the expensive $1,500 water ionizers.